On September 8, Marshal Edward Śmigły-Rydz ordered the 135th Infantry Regiment, which made up the reserves of Wizna and Osowiec, to retreat to Warsaw. Polish forces numbered about 700 enlisted soldiers and 20 officers. 40:1 means an estimated ratio of forces on both sides of battle in fact, with 42,200 Germans and 720 Poles, it is 60:1. Although Raginis was subordinate to Lt.Col. Date of experience: January 2016 The Swedish metal band Sabaton drew inspiration for its song “40:1” from the Battle of Wizna. Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with Polish-language external links, Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, "Minister obrony narodowej docenił muzyków Sabatona", http://wiadomosci.gazeta.pl/wiadomosci/1,114883,13492554,Minister_obrony_narodowej_docenil_muzykow_Sabatona.html, http://www.rp.pl/artykul/774245.html?print=tak&p=0, http://www.tvp.pl/historia/rocznice-i-wydarzenia/ii-wojna-swiatowa/wideo/fakty/polskie-termopile-film-dok/1158783, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Wizna?oldid=4509921, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. In his diaries general Heinz Guderian noted that 900 German soldiers were killed in action, although that number is probably underrated. Subsequently, this brutal battle in Polish culture was called the “Polish Thermopylae.”. World War II: The Battle of Wizna – Around 800 Polish soldiers held off 42,000 Nazi soldiers for three days The “Battle of Wizna” took place between September 7 and September 8. Even so, the feat of Raginis’ troops is one of the symbols of Poland’s struggles in World War II. The monument itself is a memorial to the soldiers who fell in the defense of Wizna. "Polskie Termopile, czyli cud pod Wizną". [8] The Polish artillery was much weaker and was soon forced to retreat towards Białystok. As a headquarters, he chose the “GG-126” bunker, which was located on a hill near the village of Góra Strękowa in the center of the Polish defense line. Polish scouts from the mountain rifle division suffered losses and were forced to retreat to the southern bank of the Narew. His forces numbered approximately 700 soldiers and NCOs and 20 … [6] After the war Guderian had trouble explaining why his Corps was stopped by such a small force. In addition to the bunkers, anti-personnel and anti-tank barriers were erected and many trenches and ditches were dug. After initial clashes at the border, the Podlaska Cavalry Brigade operating in the area, during the night of 3/4 September was ordered to withdraw and on September 5 it left the area and marched toward Mały Płock to cross the river Narew. [6] It lasted until approximately 13:30 pm. The resistance of Raginis’ soldiers slowed the advance of the Germans for three days, but could not prevent the occupation of Poland. If broken, an enemy would have access northwards to Warsaw.The construction of the main fortifications began only in April 1939. On September 8 general Heinz Guderian, commander of the XIX Panzer Corps, was ordered to advance through Wizna towards Brześć. [citation needed] The Wehrmacht lost at least 10 tanks and several other AFVs in the struggle. History: Eve of the Battle: Positions Prior to Battle : Before the war the area of the village of Wizna was prepared as a fortified line of defence. Polish engineers destroyed the only bridge over the Narew, thereby temporarily stopping the Germans. Because the battle consisted of a small force holding a piece of fortified territory against a vastly larger invasion for three days at great cost before being annihilated, Wizna is sometimes referred to as Polish Thermopylae in Polish culture. In order to force the Poles to stop the resistance, Heinz Guderian demanded that Raginis cease-fire and surrender, threatening to shoot prisoners of war otherwise.For a while, resistance continued. The German 3rd Army was to advance from East Prussia towards Warsaw, directly through the positions of Polish Narew Corps. Other sources, however, indicate that Polish forces numbered no more than 360 people.Their armament included 6 pieces of 75 mm artillery, 24 heavy machine guns, and 18 light machine guns, as well as two Wz.35 anti-tank rifles. On September 8 the Marshal of Poland, Edward Śmigły-Rydz, ordered the 135th Infantry Regiment that constituted the reserves of both Osowiec and Wizna, to be withdrawn to Warsaw. Map #2- The number is in the upper left corner. Polish mounted reconnaissance squads abandoned the village after a short fight and retreated to the southern bank of Narew. [7], Although the Polish units were almost entirely composed of conscripts mobilised in August 1939 rather than professional soldiers, their morale was very high. Regardless of the large number of dead and wounded troops, those in the remaining bunkers continued to resist. When the last two bunkers under his command ran out of ammunition, he ordered his men to surrender their arms and committed suicide. Brave 720 Poles defended a their homeland 3 days agains huge German odd. The Poles managed to hold the Germans back for 3 days, which was long enough to get more … Despite this, by 6:00 PM the Polish troops in the trenches and field fortifications had been forced to retreat to the bunkers. They were also protected by steel plates nearly 8 inches (20 cm) thick, which no Wehrmacht cannon could pierce at that time. The remnants of his forces broke through the German encirclement and reached Białystok, where they joined the forces of general Franciszek Kleeberg. 720 Polish infantrymen, commanded by Władysław Raginis, defended a small fortified line near the village of Wizna against more than 40 000 German soldiers while being under a heavy artillery barrage. Lyrics. He himself then committed suicide by throwing himself on a grenade. Sabaton wrote a song about the Battle of Wizna, called 40:1. The Podlaska Cavalry Brigade was operating in the area, but after multiple attacks on its flank on the night of September 4, it received an order to retreat toward Mały Płock and cross the Narew River. Official Polish losses are unknown. [6] However, some sources claim that the Polish unit was even weaker and was no more than 360 men strong. Taking place from September 7th to September 10th 1939, the fight marks the heroic stand of the Polish army against overwhelming odds. For the Polish armed forces, fortifications around the village of Wizna were a key point in the defense system on the northern border. Władysław Raginis, as well as numerous smaller detachments from a variety of units. Official release by the Wehrmacht mentioned "several dozen dead". The 5.5 mile (9 km) line of defenses along the high riverbanks passed between the villages of Kołodzieje and Grądy-Woniecko, with Wizna in the center. The line ran some 35 kilometres (22 mi) from the border with East Prussia, along an elevated banks of Narew and Biebrza rivers. pp. Free Shipping. After dark, patrols of German infantry crossed the river and advanced towards Giełczyn, but were repelled with heavy casualties. The fortifications were located on hills, which gave them a large radius of sight and many opportunities for shooting. [6] The spot was chosen carefully: most of the concrete bunkers were built on hills overlooking a swampy Narew River valley. [6] Units defending the line were subordinate to the Polish Independent Operational Group Narew shielding Łomża and providing defence of the northern approach to Warsaw. On September 3 Polish positions were spotted from the air and strafed with machine gun fire from enemy fighters. Battle of Wizna was fought between September 7 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Polandball and Germanyball during the initial stages of Invasion of Poland. The average thickness of the bunker walls was nearly 5 feet (1.5 meters). The bunker was located on a hill in the exact centre of the Polish lines. Before September 1, 1939, only 16 bunkers were built out of 60 planned. Four more bunkers were still in the construction stage when the war began. The I./IR 86, which was the main unit of the capture of the bunkers reported on September 9 at 17.00 the loss of 40 men. Lt. Col. Tadeusz Tabaczyński was unable to send his troops to the aid of Raginis, although he was less than 19 miles (30 km) away from him in the fortified area of Osowiec. [13] It is however known that at least several hundred bodies of fallen German soldiers were exhumed from a local war cemetery. Battle of Wizna (sometimes referred to as the Polish Thermopylae) was fought between September 6 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial stages of Invasion of Poland. The Polish defense force consisted of approximately 700 soldiers and 20 officers armed with 6 pieces of heavy artillery. After the bombing, the Germans attacked the northern flank of the Polish troops. Although defeat was inevitable, the Polish defence stalled the attacking forces for three … [9] The heroic struggle against overwhelming odds is nowadays one of the symbols of the Polish Defensive War of 1939 and is a part of Polish popular culture. von der Trad.Gem. Wizna is known as the Polish Thermopylae. The next morning, his troops invaded the Wizna area and were combined with the “Lötzen” Brigade and 10th Panzer Division. The Battle of Wizna – Around 800 Polish Soldiers Held Off 42,000 German Soldiers for Three Days. [12], German losses are not known either. According to Polish historian Leszek Moczulski, between 350 and 720 Poles defended a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans. Altogether, the Polish defensive position was manned by 720 men: 20 officers and 700 NCOs and privates. The Battle of Wizna was fought between September 7 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial stages of invasion of Poland. [9] Some successfully withdrew and reached the Polish lines, others were taken prisoner. In his diaries, Guderian estimated German casualties at 900 people, at least 10 tanks, and a number of armored vehicles. The troops on the Wizna line were surrounded.Assaults on the fortifications around Wizna continued. Updated with all new animations and features, this is the ultimate version of Battle Chess. Four additional heavy bunkers were under construction at the moment World War II started. It is a historic site of the Battle of Wizna that played out on these lands in 1939. On Map 2, place one pill box on the … [15], Die Geschichte der 10. The last bunker surrendered around midday on September 10.[3]. In return, they promised to let the Poles live. [4][5] One of the symbols of the battle is Captain Władysław Raginis, the commanding officer of the Polish force, who swore to hold his position as long as he is alive. The history of the 10th Tank Division mentions for the 8th of September 9 KIA and 26 WIA for the ALA. When the Germans invaded Poland in 1939, they met determined and fierce resistance. The bunkers were situated on hills which gave good visibility of all the advancing forces. On September 10, 1939, the bunker commanded by Raginis was the last remaining pocket of resistance. According to latest sources under 720 Poles defended a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans. The battle of Wizna refers to a battle fought in the initial stages of the invasion of Poland. [6] Six of them were heavy concrete bunkers with reinforced steel cupolas (8 tons of weight), armed with machine guns and anti-tank artillery. His 68,000 troops defeated almost 90,000 Russians and Austrians nominally under General M.I. Battle of Wizna Posted on September 19, 2019 by MSW Wladyslaw Raginis (1908-1939) – Captain of Polish Army, military commander during the Polish Defensive War of 1939 of a small force holding the Polish fortified defense positions against a vastly larger invasion during the Battle of Wizna. In his memoirs he attributes the delay to his officers "having trouble building bridges across the rivers". At the same time an assault on the southern part of Polish fortifications became a stalemate. Just two years after Vasco da Gama reached India by sea, the Portuguese realized that the prospect of developing trade such as that which … The 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) long line of Polish defences stretched between the villages of Kołodzieje and Grądy-Woniecko, with Wizna in the centre. On September 1, 1939, the Polish Defensive War and World War II started. According to Polish historian Leszek Moczulski, between 350 and 720 Poles defended a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans. It was arguably the most heroic battle in the campaign, in which according to latest sources under 720 Poles defended a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans. History memes and jokes go here. Battle of Wizna facts. They did not have anti-tank weapons at their disposal but, hiding in the bunkers, the Poles could still fire at enemy infantry. 2.2k votes, 46 comments. Cash On Delivery! On September 3, Polish troops were attacked from the air, but their own aircraft could not fight back. It is … Ruins of one of the bunkers, now a memorial site. On September 1, 1939, Germany attacked Poland, thereby unleashing World War II. He himself did not change his personal decision not to surrender: instead, he committed suicide by throwing himself on a grenade. The River (Narew River) is the east edge of the map. Raginis, realising that all of his men were wounded and his ammunition was almost depleted, ordered his men to surrender their arms to the Germans. It was to shield the Polish positions further to the south and guard the crossing of the Narew and Biebrza rivers. The following fights at Wysokie-Mazowieckie and Andrzejewo make it difficult to differentiate the losses. On September 7, 1939, the reconnaissance units of the German 10th Panzer Division captured the village of Wizna. It’s one of the millions of unique, user-generated 3D experiences created on Roblox. What they got instead was the Polish Thermopylae. Battle of Wizna, also called the Polish Thermopylae, was fought between September 7 and September 10. On September 8, German General Heinz Guderian received an order to advance through Wizna towards Brześć. German forces now numbered 42,200 men, at least 350 tanks, 108 howitzers, 188 grenade launchers, 195 anti-tank guns, and nearly 1,000 various machine guns. This was one of the world's most pivotal events. By the time this order reached the troops, it was too late. Polish mounted reconnaissance squads after a short fight retreated to the other, southern, bank of the Narew river. At the same time, the southern Polish fortifications were surrounded and could not repel a tank attack. The Whitebeard Pirates' 2nd division commander Portgas D. Ace's public execution was scheduled to take place at 3:00 p.m. sharp. He himself - seriously injured at the time - refused to surrender and committed suicide by throwing himself on a grenade.[9]. Initially the losses among German infantry were high, but after heavy artillery fire the commander of the Giełczyn area, First Lieutenant Kiewlicz, was ordered to burn the wooden bridge over Narew and withdraw to Białystok. The Battle of Wizna was fought between September 7 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial stages of Invasion of Poland. In the early morning German planes dropped leaflets that urged the Poles to surrender and claimed that most of Poland was already in German hands, and that further resistance was futile. The song focuses on the courage of the Polish soldiers, comparing them to the legendary 300 Spartans in the Battle of Thermopylae. On September 1, 1939, the Polish Defensive War and World War II started. The Battle of Wizna was fought between September 7 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial stages of Invasion of Poland. Jakub Fober. Eve of the Battle . Some of the prisoners were subsequently killed by the Germans, others were beaten and abused but survived and were eventually taken to POW camps. However, at 6 o'clock in the evening the Polish infantry was forced to abandon the trenches and field fortifications and retreat into the bunkers. [11] The resistance however continued for another hour, when a German envoy arrived carrying a flag of truce and proposed a cease fire. Although heavily wounded, Raginis was still commanding his troops. They could be reached either through direct assault through the swamps or by attack along the causeway leading from the bridge in Wizna. The Battle of Wizna was fought between September 7 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial stages of Invasion of Poland. Before the war the area of the village of Wizna was prepared as a fortified line of defence. After breaking through the Polish line in the Battle of Wizna, the German XIX Panzer Corps under General Heinz Guderian started its rapid advance south. According to various estimates, about 40-70 Polish soldiers survived, some of whom were captured. Background. It's easy to imagine all the heated battles of World War II's European Theater taking place in France or Belgium or North Africa – all the campaigns [6] On September 2, 1939, the III/71 battalion departed for Osowiec and Mjr. The name of the song shows the ratio of German and Polish troops. The Battle of Diu was a battle of annihilation like the Battle of Lepanto and the Battle of Trafalgar, and one of the most important of world naval history, for it marks the beginning of European dominance over Asian seas that would last until the Second World War. [citation needed]. Out of 720 Polish soldiers only approximately 70 survived. During the German invasion of Poland at the beginning of World War II, 720 Polish soldiers manned the fortified line of defense near the village of Wizna for three days against 42,200 German soldiers and 350 tanks. … According to Polish historian Leszek Moczulski, between 350 and 720 Poles defended a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans. 3rd heavy MG company of Osowiec fortress batt. The Polish artillery was forced to retreat to Białystok. In Polish culture, the Battle of Wizna is known as the Polish Thermopylae because of the small number of Polish soldiers who fought against a great number of German soldiers. [14] There are some losses of the Tank Regiment 8 reported as well. Pz.Div., Köln 1993, Andrzej Krajewski (2009-09-04). However, this defensive line was poorly fortified. [1] Although defeat was inevitable, the Polish defence stalled the attacking forces for three days and postponed the encirclement of Independent Operational Group Narew fighting nearby. After strong artillery fire, the Polish commander of the Giełczyn area, First Lieutenant Kiewlicz, received an order to burn the wooden bridge over the Narew and retreat to Białystok. In Jerzy Bordziłowski. The official music video for 40:1 by Sabaton, taken from the album "The Art Of War". der ehem. It is often referred to as “the Polish Thermopylae,” a reference to three hundred Spartans, who bravely held off an enormous Persian army in Ancient Greece. [citation needed] Only Battle Chess brings chess to life by combining a magnificent chess logic system with colorful, humorous, and dramatic three-dimensional animations. The first construction works were started in June 1939, only two months before the outbreak of World War II. Our Discord Server can be found in the sidebar … German tanks managed to cross the line of defense and advance to Tykocin and Zambrów. The bunker was located on a hill in the exact centre of the Polish lines. Battle of Wizna by unknown from Flipkart.com. His forces numbered some 1 200 officers and 41 000 soldiers and NCOs, equipped with over 350 tanks, 108 howitzers, 58 pieces of artillery, 195 anti-tank guns, 108 mortars, 188 grenade launchers, 288 heavy machine guns and 689 machine guns. [8] During the Nuremberg Trials he remarked that Wizna was "well-defended by a local officer school".[8]. On September 2 Captain Władysław Raginis was named the commander of the Wizna area. German tanks tried to cross the river but the bridge blown up … Fober passed command over Wizna to Raginis and his men. [6] The Wizna fortified area was one of the most important nodes in Northern Poland, providing cover of both the river crossings, and the roads Łomża–Białystok and roads towards Brześć Litewski on the rear of Polish forces. When the Germans rolled into Poland with over 40,000 troops, they were expecting little resistance from the Poles. According to Polish historian Leszek Moczulski, between 350 and 720 Poles defended a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans. Although not all bunkers were ready by the beginning of the war, the Polish lines of defences were well-prepared. However, Władysław Raginis and Lt. Brykalski refused to surrender and vowed to fight to the death. Some of his troops managed to escape from the German encirclement, and joined the forces of General Franciszek Kleeberg in Białystok. The Polish army had been building up a defensive line stretching 5.6 miles along the banks of the Narew and Biebrza rivers, with the village Wizna in the center. Battle of Wizna is the theme of the song "40:1", on the album The Art of War by the Swedish Metal band Sabaton. The Polish defensive line was initially manned by a single battalion from the 71st Infantry Regiment, commanded by Mjr. On September 2 Captain Władysław Raginis was named the commander of the Wizna area. [6] Additional two were light concrete bunkers, armed with machine guns only. Platoon of engineers and platoon of field artillery of 71st Infantry Regiment, Platoon of mounted reconnaissance of 135th Infantry Regiment. The Battle of Wizna was fought between September 7 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial stages of Invasion of Poland. The title comes from the disparate ratio of forces and the lyrics compare the Polish forces with that of the legendary 300 Spartan warriors at the battle of Thermopylae. Several assaults were repelled during the night and in the early morning of September 10. Here are the statistics: Polish forces: 720 men (20 officers) Six 76 mm guns 42 MGs – machine guns 2 URs – antitank rifles. Kutuzov , forcing Austria to make peace with France (Treaty of Pressburg) and keeping Prussia temporarily out of the anti-French … 2.1m members in the HistoryMemes community. Battle of Wizna (sometimes referred to as the Polish Thermopylae) was fought between September 7 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial stages of Invasion of Poland. As his command post he chose the "GG-126" bunker near the village of Góra Strękowa. 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Read another story from us: Blitzkrieg Tactics: Lightning Conquest of Poland. Tadeusz Tabaczyński, commander of the Osowiec fortified area located some 30 kilometres to the north, he could not expect any reinforcements. Finally, the Polish commander, realizing the hopelessness of the situation, gave the order to his people to surrender. [2] Eventually the tanks broke through the Polish line and eliminated all the bunkers one by one. They were near the intersection of the Narew and Biebrza rivers, and were intended to defend the areas where the rivers could be crossed. The battle of Wizna (7th-10th of September 1939). To flood this area in order to create additional difficulties for an adversary, the plan was to destroy the dams on the Narew and Biebrza rivers. 10. 16–17. In order to strengthen the morale of his troops Władysław Raginis and Lt. Brykalski swore that they would not leave their post alive and that resistance would continue. 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