It is most easily found by first identifying the Southern Cross, then looking immediately south to a group of third- and fourth-magnitude stars. HD 103079 is a binary star with a combined stellar classification of B4V, matching the spectrum of a blue-white main sequence dwarf. This constellation is also a part of the string game. The asterisms that make up the constellations were seen by ancient people as patterns in the stars. Apus is 67th in size and is neighbors with the constellations of Ara, Chamaeleon, Circinus, Musca, Octans, Pavo, and Triangulum Australe. Lacaille had originally labelled the fainter one as Zeta, while Baily presupposed he had meant to label the brighter one. [64] NGC 4463 is an open cluster located on its southwestern border. The smallest is Crux which only takes up 0.17 percent of the sky. The constellation Orion occupies an area of 594 square degrees and contains three stars with known planets. It is one of the brightest constellations in the night sky, with two of its stars falling under the … It's part of the Bayer constellation family. The globular cluster NGC 4372 near Gamma Muscae is fainter and likewise partially obscured by dust, but spans more arc minutes. A constellation is simply a collection of stars, imaginatively linked together to represent a person, animal or object in the night sky. A planet with at least 6.80 times the mass of Jupiter is orbiting the star with a period of 1,143 days. [38] The system ranges from apparent magnitude 8.17 to 8.75 over around 1.4 days. Nova Muscae 1991 is a binary system containing a black hole candidate. Musca contains one star with known planets and has no Messier objects. 42 animals, 29 … [52][53] It is surrounded by a circumstellar debris disk from a distance of 0.2 to 4 AU, and again from 13 AU out to a few hundred AU, with evidence for a protoplanet forming at a distance around 47 AU. Lambda Muscae has an apparent magnitude of 3.68 and is the fourth brightest star in Musca constellation. It is partially obscured by dust of the galactic plane. The star is approximately 1,455 light years distant from the solar system. After a certain amount has accumulated, the star erupts, as it did in 1983, reaching a magnitude of 7.2. Each entry describes the mythology and history of the constellation along with an illustration of it from a classic star atlas, usually Johann Bode’s Uranographia of 1801 or John Flamsteed’s Atlas Coelestis of 1729. Delta Muscae is a spectroscopic binary star system with an apparent magnitude of 3.61. If the system's estimated distance from Earth is accurate, the binary stars are about 0.5 astronomical units (AU) apart and the supergiant about 100 AU apart from them. The Hourglass Nebula (MyCn18) is a young planetary nebula located about 8,000 light years away. The stars in the sky are divided into 88 constellations. The star’s outer layers were likely blown off by the supernova explosion that produced the black hole. [21] It is part of a triple star system with faint companions at 0.5 and 32.4 arc seconds distance. A constellation is a group of stars that, when seen from Earth, form a pattern. [37] All three are highly luminous; combined, they are likely to be over a million times as luminous as the Sun. The range of four lighting configurations are designed for a variety of interiors depending on desired scale: from a two light combination – Gemini, to a stacked six Crux is a cross-shaped constellation visible in the southern hemisphere. Lambda Muscae is a star in a dual system. NGC 4833 is a globular cluster in Musca. The brightest constellation is Crux (the Southern Cross). Alpha Muscae has 8.8 times the Sun’s mass and 4.8 times the solar radius. Good star chart programs or books can provide more information about each constellation and the treasures it … [45] GR Muscae is an X-ray source composed of a neutron star of between 1.2 and 1.8 times the mass of our Sun and a low-mass star likely to be around the mass of the Sun in close orbit. Musca depicts the common fly named by a Dutch explorer in 1500s. It spans about 3 degrees in the sky and can be seen with strong binoculars. It was a star originally 1.5 to 2 times as massive as our Sun. It has an apparent magnitude of 8.2 and is approximately 3,000 light years distant. It is a pretty fast rotator, with a projected rotational velocity of 114 km/s. [13] The official constellation boundaries, as set by Belgian astronomer Eugène Delporte in 1930, are defined by a polygon of six segments. Its extremely low metallicity indicates it is very old—one of the oldest clusters in the Milky Way. The poop deck of the Argo Navis; a sub-division of the ancient constellation Argo – in Greek mythology, the ship of the Argonauts. It has a combined apparent magnitude of 3.05 and is approximately 340 light years distant from the Sun. Image: NASA, R. Sahai, J. Trauger (JPL), and the WFPC2 Science Team. There are 88 constellations in total, listed an alphabetical order. The Taurus myth is most often interpreted as the story of Zeus and Europa, where the Greek god carried the Phoenician princess away to Crete to marry her by disguising himself as a white bull. The cluster was discovered by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in 1751-1752. The stars of Musca, along with Fomalhaut, Alpha Pavonis, and Alpha and Beta Gruis, were all claimed by the Arrernte. Musca constellation is located in the southern sky, just to the south of Crux, the Southern Cross. Dark Doodad Nebula, image: Naskies at wikipedia.org. [68] Another dark nebula in the constellation is BHR 71. [41] Discovered with a magnitude of 7.1 on 18 January 1983,[42] it was the first nova from which X-rays were detected. Save the box for easy disposal later.Step 2: Sprinkle the pheromone attractant granules into the catch basin at the end of the stick.Step 3: Hang the Musca-Stik up in a room where flies have been active or stand it up on a surface or counter. Many of the constellation's brighter stars are members of the Scorpius–Centaurus Association, a loose group of hot blue-white stars that appears to share a common origin and motion across the Milky Way. It points toward the south pole, which is why its symbol has combined a cross and an arrow. It is 4,000 times more luminous than the Sun. [11], Musca is bordered by Crux to the north, Carina to the west, Chamaeleon to the south, Apus and Circinus to the east, and Centaurus to the northeast. Musca (Latin for '"the fly"') is a small constellation in the deep southern sky. [29] Near Mu is Lambda Muscae, the third-brightest star in the constellation and a white main-sequence star of spectral type A7V around 128 light-years distant from Earth. [27] It has expanded to 130 times the Sun's diameter and 1800 to 2300 its luminosity. [16] With an apparent magnitude of 3.62, Delta is an orange giant of spectral type K2III located around 91 light-years away. Since this is not linked to ancient Greek, the story … Norma or the Level. Apus is bordered by Ara, Chamaeleon, Circinus, Musca, Octans, Pavo, and Triangulum Australe. Musca has several notable stars and deep sky objects, among them Nova Muscae 1991, the binary system with a black hole, the Spiral Planetary Nebula (NGC 5189), the Hourglass Nebula (MyCn 18), the globular clusters NGC 4833 and NGC 4372 and the Dark Doodad Nebula. The constellation first made an appearance in "Uranometria" , a publication headed by Johann Bayer in 1603. The two stars orbit each other every 505 days. The constellation also contains two cepheid variables visible to the naked eye. HD 111232 is a yellow main-sequence star around 78% as massive as the Sun around 95 light-years distant. The first depiction of this constellation in a celestial atlas was in Johann Bayer's Uranometria of 1603. [67] Extending south from it is the Dark Doodad Nebula, resembling a dark L-shaped river through a bright field of stars. [26] Epsilon Muscae is a red giant of spectral type M5III and semiregular variable that ranges between magnitudes 3.99 and 4.31 over approximately 40 days. STORY. As a result of the confusion, Avis Indica was renamed to Apus, and Apis, the constellation representing the bee, became Musca, the fly. [52] A gap exists between 4 and 13 AU, which appears to contain a large planet around 20 times the mass of Jupiter,[54] although further examination of the disk profile indicates it might be a more massive object such as a brown dwarf or more than one planet. The primary component has 7.35 solar masses and the companion has 6.40 times the Sun’s mass. [50] With around 1.54 times the mass of our Sun, it is cooling and expanding along the red-giant branch, having left the main sequence after exhausting its core supply of hydrogen fuel. Gah Haat’e’ii - This constellation is known as Rabbit Tracks and it is part of the tail of the constellation “Scorpius.” It was used long ago by hunters to determine the start of hunting season. History of the constellation from Star Names , 1889, Richard H. Allen This title generally is supposed to have been substituted by La Caille, about 1752, for Bayer's Apis , the Bee; but Halley, in 1679, had called it Musca Apis ; and even previous to him, Riccioli catalogued it as Apis seu Musca . [36] It consists of a spectroscopic binary system composed of the Wolf–Rayet star (spectral type: WC5 or 6) and an O-type main-sequence star (spectral type: O6 or O7) that orbit each other every 19 days and a blue supergiant (spectral type: O9.5/B0Iab) set about 46 milliarcseconds apart from them. Pegasus is a northern constellation, and is one of the largest constellations in the sky. [55] LP 145-141 is a white dwarf located 15 light-years distant—the fourth-closest to the Solar System. It was one of 12 constellations created by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman, and it first appeared on a celestial globe 35 cm (14 in) in diameter published in 1597 (or 1598) in Amsterdam by Plancius and Jodocus Hondius. In de Houtman’s catalogue of 1603, the constellation is called De Vlieghe, which is Dutch for “the fly.” Their origins date back hundreds or even thousands of years. Musca (The Fly) Norma (The Rule) Octans (The Octant) Pavo (The Peacock) Phoenix (The Pheonix) Pictor (The Easle) Piscis Austrinus (The Southern Fish) Puppis (The Stern) Pyxis (The Compass) Reticulum (The Net) Sagittarius (Half-Man/Half-Horse Archer) Scorpius (The Scorpion) Sculptor (The Sculptor) Scutum (The Shield) Telescopium (The Telescope) Image: NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA). Musca (Latin for '"the fly"') is a small constellation in the deep southern sky. [28] To the northwest lies Mu Muscae, an orange giant of spectral type K4III that varies between apparent magnitude 4.71 and 4.76, and has been classified as a slow, irregular variable. This snakelike gas cloud (center dark area) in the constellation Musca resembles a skinny filament. NGC 5189 is a planetary nebula in Musca. The Taurus Myth. [18] It is around five times as massive as our Sun. [57], Located on the border with Circinus is the unusual planetary nebula NGC 5189,[8] estimated to be around 1750 light-years away from Earth. Alpha Muscae is a blue-white star halfway between the dwarf and subgiant evolutionary stages. These include the Big Dipper and Little Dipper. [65] Around five light-years across, it is located around 3400 light-years away.[12]. The Dark Doodad Nebula is located next to the globular cluster NGC 4372, and just south of the famous Coalsack Nebula in the constellation Crux. In a telescope, the nebula appears S-shaped, similar to a barred spiral galaxy, which is how it got the name Spiral Planetary Nebula. It is the farthest right star in the constellation and marks the fly’s tail. The Big Dipper and the Little Dipper are asterisms. [49] HD 112410 is a yellow giant of spectral type G8III located around 439 light-years distant. [19], Beta Muscae is a binary star system around 341 light-years distant that is composed of two blue-white main-sequence stars of spectral types B2V and B3V that orbit each other every 194 years. It has an apparent magnitude of 7.79 and is approximately 21,200 light years distant from the solar system. These include Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Zeta2 and (probably) Eta Muscae, as well as HD 100546, a blue-white Herbig Ae/Be star that is surrounded by a complex debris disk containing a large planet or brown dwarf and possible protoplanet. It was one of 12 constellations created by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman, and it first appeared on a celestial globe 35 cm (14 in) in diameter published in 1597 (or 1598) in Amsterdam by Plancius and Jodocus Hondius. [23] Alpha, Beta, Gamma, HD 103079, Zeta2 and (likely) Eta are all members of the Lower Centaurus Crux subgroup of the Scorpius–Centaurus Association, a group of predominantly hot blue-white stars that share a common origin and proper motion across the galaxy. [6] Lacaille renamed it to Musca Australis, the Southern Fly—Australis, since it counterparted the now discarded constellation of Musca Borealis composed of a few stars in Aries, and to avoid confusion with Apus. It is a yellow supergiant star with the stellar classification of G5Ib. The nebula is not to be confused with the less famous Hourglass Nebula which is located inside the Lagoon Nebula (Messier 8) in Sagittarius. [63] The Coalsack Nebula is a dark nebula located mainly in neighbouring Crux that intrudes into Musca. It has an apparent magnitude of 4.87 and is approximately 1,185 light years distant from the Sun. [22] Eta Muscae is a multiple star system, the two main components forming an eclipsing binary that has a combined spectral type of B8V and magnitude of 4.77 that dips by 0.05 magnitude every 2.39 days. Constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere, This article is about the southern constellation. Ancient cultures in different parts of the world have assigned different patterns to these star groupings. NGC 4372 is a globular cluster in Musca. Humans have been looking up at the stars and finding patterns for millennia. [46] Finally, SY Muscae is a symbiotic star system composed of a red giant and white dwarf, where although the larger star is transferring mass to the smaller, no periodic eruption occurs nor does an accretion disc form. They give the name and general shape of each constellation. It has an apparent magnitude of 7.8 and is approximately 18,900 light years distant from Earth. [1] The whole constellation is visible to observers south of latitude 14°N. Lacaille designated the star Lambda Chamaeleontis in his Coelum Australe Stelliferum, but when the constellation borders were redefined in 1930, the star was placed in Musca rather than Chamaeleon constellation. The constellation first appeared under the name Musca in 1602, on a globe by the Dutch cartographer Willem Janszoon Blaeu. [35], Theta Muscae is a triple star system thought to be around 7,500 light-years distant. NGC 4833, image: NASA, Hubble Space Telescope. The stars are so close that they are in contact with each other (overcontact binary) and are classed as a Beta Lyrae variable as their light varies from Earth as they eclipse each other. It has a visual magnitude of 4.93 and is approximately 338 light years distant from Earth. It is visible from the Southern Hemisphere. [51] Yet another member of the Lower Centaurus Crux subgroup,[24] HD 100546 is a young, blue-white Herbig Ae/Be star of spectral type B9V that has yet to settle on the main sequence—the closest of these stars to Earth around 320 light-years distant. It is a dark nebula which is part of the Musca molecular cloud. Francis Baily also dropped Kappa, which he felt was too faint to warrant a name, and designated two adjacent stars as Zeta1 and Zeta2. It can be seen at latitudes between +85° and -75° and is best visible at 9 p.m. during the month of January. At one point Zeus morphed into a swan to seduce Leda, mother of both Gemini and Helen of Troy. HD 115211 is an orange supergiant star with the stellar classification of K2Ib-II. [36] TU Muscae is a binary star system located around 15,500 light-years away made up of two hot, luminous, blue main-sequence stars of spectral types O7.5V and O9.5V,[38][39] with masses 23 and 15 times that of the Sun. Spiral Planetary Nebula – NGC 5189 (Gum 47, IC 4274). A 1603 celestial globe by Willem Blaeu depicts it as providing nourishment for the nearby constellation Chamaeleon—its tongue trying to catch the insect. The comparatively old globular cluster NGC 4833 near Delta Muscae was catalogued by Lacaille in 1755. It has the stellar classification of B2 IV-V. Then I guess the bull, that was really Zeus, became the Taurus constellation, but not really, because now the bull and Zeus are different... or something. A nearby star of magnitude 13 may or may not be a companion star. λ Muscae (Lambda Muscae) – HD 102249 (HIP 57363). Apus and Musca were part of one constellation, due to translation errors, but that was quickly fixed and the two were separated. [59] Located 2.4° east of Eta Muscae is the magnitude-12.9 Engraved Hourglass Nebula (MyCn 18),[60] which lies about 8000 light-years distant from Earth. Musca was one of the 12 constellations established by the Dutch astronomer Petrus Plancius from the observations of the southern sky by the Dutch explorers Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman, who had sailed on the first Dutch trading expedition, known as the Eerste Schipvaart, to the East Indies. Its goal is to beam superfast internet into your home from space. The constellation that is the smallest is Crus, which takes up 0.17% of the sky. It was also known as Apis (Latin for '"the bee"') for 200 year… These can be used in combination or as stand-alone lessons, and are suitable for use in classrooms or as “stations” in a Community Night-type event. It is 790 times more luminous than the Sun. Musca remains below the horizon for most Northern Hemisphere observers. Covering 138 square degrees and 0.335% of the night sky, it ranks 77th of the 88 constellations in size. Asterisms are the small star patterns within a constellation. The constellation, informally known as Starlink, and under development at SpaceX's facilities in Redmond, Washington. It has twice the mass of the Sun. Jean Fortin retained the French name in 1776 for his Atlas Céleste, while Lacaille latinised the name for his revised Coelum Australe Stelliferum in 1763. The two created 12 constellations during expeditions under the southern skies. Hercules's symbol is based on the story of the "Pillars of Hercules". [16] It is the brightest star in the constellation with an apparent magnitude of 2.7. The first depiction of this constellation in a celestial atlas was in Johann Bayer's Uranometria of 1603. It has an apparent magnitude of 4.11 and is approximately 302 light years distant. In the beginning, the constellation was dubbed 'Apis , the bee' by Bayer, but it was renamed Musca Australis (the southern fly) by Nicolas … Download the guide here. [40], Also known as Nova Muscae 1983, GQ Muscae is a binary system consisting of a white dwarf and small star that is about 10% as massive as the Sun. The constellation was created by the Dutch astronomer Petrus Plancius from the observations of Dutch navigators Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman in the late 16th century. For a while, the constellation was known as the Southern Fly, Musca Australis, as there was a constellation called Musca Borealis, the Northern Fly, at the time, located in the north of what is today Aries constellation. [14][a], Lacaille charted and designated 10 stars with the Bayer designations Alpha to Kappa in 1756. [20] Zeta2 Muscae is a white main sequence star of spectral type A5V around 330 light-years distant from Earth. The stars are similar in size and appearance. Musca definition, the Fly, a small southern constellation between Crux and Chamaeleon. The following charts show the sky as seen from latitude 40 degrees North at around 10 p.m. in the middle of each season. The Dutch cartographer Petrus Plancius was the first to include the constellation on his globe of 1598, but left it unnamed. It is a variable of a different type, classed as a slowly pulsating B star, a type of variable. [4] The first depiction of this constellation in a celestial atlas was in the German cartographer Johann Bayer's Uranometria of 1603,[5] though Bayer termed it Apis— "the Bee", a name by which it was known for the next two centuries. Some of the gas also falls into the black hole. [24][25], Delta and Epsilon mark the fly's left wing and right wing, respectively. Draco has a number of interpretations, many based on a dragon or serpent guarding a tree or other object. The intricate structure of the stellar eruption looks like a giant and brightly coloured ribbon in space. The star has the stellar classification of B5V and is approximately 325 light years distant from the solar system. Musca has had several names along the way, including Apis (The Bee), Musca Apis (The Fly Bee) and Musca Australis (The Southern Fly). HD 111232 is a yellow main sequence dwarf belonging to the stellar class G8V. Mu Muscae is an orange giant with the stellar classification of K4III. The name was later shortened to simply Musca. [12] Lying south-southeast of Acrux in neighbouring Crux is Alpha Muscae. Step 1: Take the Musca-Stik trap out of the packaging. Light-Years across, it ranks 77th of the Sun 's diameter and 1800 to 2300 its luminosity constellation may have. Constellation Orion occupies an area of 138 square degrees and contains three stars with stellar... It points toward the south pole, which takes up 0.17 % of the 88 constellations ( 47... In the constellation with the stellar class G8V of 4.98 and an.... 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