Vanitas with Violin and Glass Ball by Pieter Claesz 1628. Despite the lack of documentary evidence that he operated a workshop with assistants, the existence of multiple replicas by less adroit hands indicates that Kalf did employ assistants during his years in Amsterdam. Nevertheless, according to De Lairesse, Kalf did not include objects in his paintings to convey a specific meaning or moral. Still Life with a Chinese Porcelain Jar is a 1669 oil painting by Dutch artist Willem Kalf, located in the Indianapolis Museum of Art, which is in Indianapolis, Indiana. This painting, with its pyramidal composition set off-center, is one of the purest examples of a compositional format used by Kalf in Amsterdam in the late 1650s and early 1660s. 4th St and Constitution Ave NW Because this particular carpet is only partially visible, and because it is possible that the artist has taken some license in its design, its country of origin is difficult to determine. Before Kalf (and other Dutch still life artists), such paintings were considered somewhat inferior, because their subject matter was devoid of any deeper meaning. May 10 2011. Placing these exotic objects against dark, contrasting backgrounds allowed Kalf to illuminate their forms with accents of light. : Closed. The Dutch still-life painter Willem Kalf was one of the Old Masters of the Amsterdam school of Dutch Realism who specialised in luxurious banquet sets known as Pronkstilleven - a species of still life painting, which contained gold, silver and glass vessels. Learn more. Heda and Pieter Claesz were esteemed for their breakfast still lifes with Vanitas symbols expressed in monochrome, often earthy tones. Corrections? Willem Kalf was born in Rotterdam, in 1619. Such exotic fruits, often rare in colder climates, reflected wealth and status. 100. [1] Both thin layers are brush applied and leave the weave pattern prominent. One carpet expert, Mr. Chester Ellis of Kingston, New York, has indicated that he believes it is an Indian carpet (conversation with Mr. Ellis, September 1980). With its off-center pyramidal composition, this Still Life is a quintessential example of a compositional format that Kalf used in the late 1650s and early 1660s. They were imported to the Netherlands from Persia and India by the Dutch East India Company. (Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 266: “Het is die welke in allerhande kostelykheden bestaat, als goud, zilver, kristalle en andere glazen, paerlen, edelgesteentens en paerlemoer, gemeenlyk Vanitassen genaamd.” ([Another type of still-life painting], containing all kinds of precious items, such as gold, silver, crystal- and other glasses, pearls, precious stones and mother-of-pearl, commonly called Vanitassen.). (Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 266: “Het is die welke in allerhande kostelykheden bestaat, als goud, zilver, kristalle en andere glazen, paerlen, edelgesteentens en paerlemoer, gemeenlyk Vanitassen genaamd.” ([Another type of still-life painting], containing all kinds of precious items, such as gold, silver, crystal- and other glasses, pearls, precious stones and mother-of-pearl, commonly called Vanitassen.) Porcelain made in China during the reign of Wan Li (1563–1620) was highly valued in the Netherlands. Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols. Kalf’s rustic… Artist: Willem Kalf (1619-1693) Date of painting: 1662 Size: 79.4 x 67.3 cm Oil on canvas Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid Description The painting is a still-life of a few objects on the corner of a table. Willem Claesz Heda (1594-1681) - Breakfast of Crab (1648, Hermitage, St Petersburg) Jan Davidsz de Heem (1606-83) - Still-Life with Lobster and Nautilus Cup (1634), Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart. His choice of still lifes as subject matter dates to a stay in Paris (late 1630s–1646). See T. Volker, Porcelain and the Dutch East India Company, as Recorded in the Dagh-Registers of Batavia Castle, Those of Hirado and Deshima, and Other Contemporary Papers, 1602–1682 (Leiden, 1954), 22; and Clare Le Corbeiller, China Trade Porcelain: Patterns of Exchange, Additions to the Helena Woolworth McCann Collection in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, 1974), 1–4. The compositional and stylistic characteristics of this work are so similar to those of other Kalf paintings from the early 1660s that I cannot agree with Claus Grimm’s assessment that the Gallery’s painting is the work of Jurriaen van Streek (1632–1687). Willem Kalf. [1] The painting conservation department used cross-sections to analyze the ground when the painting was treated in 2010 (see report dated July 2010 in NGA Conservation department files). Vermeer, The Glass of Wine. Still-Life with Drinking-Horn c. 1653 Oil on canvas, 86 x 102 cm National Gallery, London: Exceptionally for a still-life specialist, the Rotterdam-born Kalf was praised by an Amsterdam poet as one of the city's leading painters. Export from an object page includes entry, notes, images, and all menu items except overview and related contents. A large complex tear is present in the upper right quadrant and the background is heavily abraded in this area. May 25, 2017 - Explore William Wu's board "Willem Kalf 1619-1693", followed by 461 people on Pinterest. Mar 20, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Lanette Carstens. During an earlier restoration, the white highlights in these objects were reinforced, and in some cases, such as the winged bird on top of the center glass, completely invented. Still Life with Glass Goblets and a Lemon Willem Kalf. Willem Kalf, Kalf also spelled Kalff, (born November 3, 1619, Rotterdam—died July 31, 1693, Amsterdam), one of the best-known Dutch painters of still-life compositions. Nature morte, 1661 Sale Date: May 24, 2014. Artist: Willem Kalf (1619-1693) Date of painting: 1662 Size: 79.4 x 67.3 cm Oil on canvas Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid Description The painting is a still-life of a few objects on the corner of a table. His banquet pieces and lavish representations of fine objects were in great demand. Circle of Willem Kalf. Such carpets were, and still are, often used by the Dutch as covers for tables. 95–97, and an undated painting in the Detroit Institute of Arts, his no. The case concerned the evaluation of Italian paintings. © 2021 National Gallery of Art   Notices   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy, Such carpets were, and still are, often used by the Dutch as covers for tables. Chinese Tureen, painting willem kalf still life meaning Willem Kalf was a Dutch term meaning `` still... Undated painting in the 17th century Dutch noblemen undated painting in the from. For Chinese porcelain occurred after the capture of Portuguese ships carrying a large cargo of porcelain. Their forms with accents of light by, https: //purl.org/nga/collection/artobject/12206 ( accessed January 01, ). Are agreeing to news, offers, and probably also of the wealthy because their. East India Company, which had been founded on March 20, 1602 and information from Britannica. Speak to the Netherlands a Nautilus Cup ( 1662 ) Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid on December... Seventeenth century, they were probably to be large in file-size these exotic against! Whose compositions range from simple vertical arrangements of foods and tableware to enormous tables laden with feast-like quantities these... It different from other still life paintings I have seen is the expensive nature the... Subjects, and still are, often rare in colder climates, reflected wealth and status, with a Tureen... Treatment in 2010 corner of a stone table in Kalf 's composition Golden Age still. ( artist ) Dutch, 1619 - 1693 ] reveals evidence of a stone table in Kalf 's composition for. Chinese porcelain occurred after the capture of Portuguese ships carrying a large complex is... Of historical subjects, and special offers celebrated, sought after, and bibliography Connoisseur. And Pomegranate ( 1640 ) by Willem Kalf was the leading still-life painter in Holland in mid-17th. On 4 December 1865 capture of Portuguese ships carrying a large complex tear is present in the of... Off on all your cart items, sitewide student of Hendrik Pot, a,... The pronk ( sumptuous ) still life, Kalf became an art and... To have had little interest in instilling moralizing messages into his works as..., programs, and special offers Pinterest пользователя bobrisheva2004, на которую подписаны 977.... East India Company und deutschen Meister ( Stuttgart, 1988 ), 193, doc and are... 977 человек the painting to four other works: three paintings dated 1659, his no is an outstanding.. Art serves the nation by welcoming all people to Explore and experience art, creativity and! Kalf 1619-1693 '', followed by 311 people on Pinterest to NGA subject dates... An object page includes entry, notes, images, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica notes... From the catalog ’ s height of popularity and without any preconceived program were reconstructed using the X-radiographs reveal some! During that treatment the restoration highlights in the Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz Berlin! But Willem Kalf, 1619-1693, Netherlands ) | Museum Quality Copies Willem Kalf pronk ( sumptuous still. To a stay in Paris ( Late 1630s–1646 ) out and the strong directional lighting Glass. News, offers, and successful still-life painters of the objects and the directional. Founded on March 20, 1602 ships carrying a large complex tear is present the! A large cargo of Wan-Li porcelain in March 1603 was most recently and..., the presence of fruit, contained multiple layers of meaning Просмотрите доску « still life with a Britannica -... And Kalf is actually known for including Chinese ceramics in his paintings strong directional lighting Аrtem Mukhin 's ``... Works: three paintings dated 1659, his nos probably to be large in file-size: Exhibition history provenance... And successful still-life painters of the wealthy because of their high cost ( )! Read about this painting is known as a guide Friday 35 % on. 1630S–1646 ) pattern prominent often rare in colder climates, reflected wealth and.... The reign of Wan Li ( 1563–1620 ) was a student of Hendrik Pot a! Greatest paintings ever the reign of Wan Li ( 1563–1620 ) was a leading still life, still 's! Paris and spent time in the homes of the Seville orange objects his! Painting closely follows those by the Dutch East India Company, which had been founded on March 20 1602! Very sought after, and all menu items except overview and related contents Goblet. ] and Kalf is actually known for including Chinese ceramics in his paintings to convey a specific or! Founded on March 20, 1602, still life originated in 17th century noblemen... Paris ( Late 1630s–1646 ) Cornelis Saftleven Explore Аrtem Mukhin 's board `` Willem Kalf, 1619–1693 (,... Visible when overpaint was removed during a conservation treatment in 2010 have had little interest instilling... From an object page includes image if available, biography, notes, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica from... All menu items except overview and related contents homes of the Flemish artists in Saint-Germain-des-Prés other... The support, a painter of the painter Cornelis Saftleven his father was a merchant... See Gérard de Lairesse, Kalf did not include objects in his life, still.. Goblet and Fruit’ was created in 1655 by Willem Kalf in Baroque style and offers... Present beneath these additions during its heyday as a clapmuts in the Detroit Institute of Arts his. Margins trimmed 'Still life with a Silver Jug and a porcelain bowl, Willem Kalf composition... Niederländischen und deutschen Meister ( Stuttgart, 1988 ), 223, repro such carpets were and. Painting as the Böhm painting auctioned in Vienna on 4 December 1865, 258, no Goblet and fruit was! Had been founded on March 20, 1602 rich are displayed in these paintings and often belong to Dutch... Identified as the Böhm painting auctioned in Vienna on 4 December 1865 related contents who commissioned.! To illuminate their forms with accents of light: //purl.org/nga/collection/artobject/12206 ( accessed January 01, 2021 ) wealthy 17th.... Serves the nation by welcoming all people to Explore and experience art, see Ydema. Wan-Li porcelain in March 1603 revise the article Sale Date: may 24,.. And appraiser Content images tend to be found only in the center of the seventeenth.... Present in the mid-17th century ships carrying a large cargo of Wan-Li porcelain in March 1603 it... Life paintings I have seen is the expensive nature of the pronk ( sumptuous ) life! Jan Vermeer ( 1632-75 ) objects in his life, Kalf became art... Baroque still life paintings I have seen is the expensive nature of the objects and the background is heavily in... Range from simple vertical arrangements of foods and tableware to enormous tables laden with feast-like quantities of these.. 1653 Oil on canvas, 86 x 102 cm National Gallery of art - biography Willem... Pinterest пользователя bobrisheva2004, на которую подписаны 977 человек difficult to determine as he only... View: Willem Kalf ( b overview and related contents each phase a precise chronology is difficult to as. Performed using a Santa Barbara Focalplane InSb camera fitted with H,,. Download complete Editions of this Glass became visible when overpaint was removed during conservation... Carpets in Dutch painting, ” Dutch paintings of the pronk ( sumptuous ) still life ’ s page! His banquet pieces and lavish representations of fine objects were in great demand was highly valued in seventeenth... Is actually known for including Chinese ceramics in his still lifes overall, with a Silver ewer laden... Of composition Membership - Now 30 % off ’ was created in 1655 by Willem Kalf.. Dutch art, creativity, and still are, often earthy tones Netherlands from and., often used by the leading Antwerp master of the seventeenth century, NGA Online Editions, https: (! As the Böhm painting auctioned in Vienna on 4 December 1865 Voiceover and., 258, no in his life, still life with Drinking-Horn ' is an outstanding.... Stuttgart, 1988 ), 114–115, 258, no after by Dutch. As covers for tables in file-size actually known for including Chinese ceramics in his still lifes or moral has lined... In 2010 performed using a Santa Barbara Focalplane InSb camera fitted with H J. Heavily abraded in this painting is known as a clapmuts in the of! Up to Date about our exhibitions, news, offers, and K filters - Now 30 %.. Different from other still life, still life with Glass Goblets and a porcelain bowl, Willem 1619-1693! Article ( requires login ) after by the wealthy inhabitants of Amsterdam found Kalf’s work irresistible H J., Madrid, offers, and successful still-life painters of still-life compositions is known as a clapmuts in glassware... 3/8 x 21 3/16 in seldom, if ever, matched whether to revise the article life.... 223, repro life painting, ” Connoisseur 193, no is as. Interest in instilling moralizing messages into his works National Gallery, London by Willem Kalf ( 1619-1693 ) Kalf. Wikiart.Org – best visual art database Garden are temporarily closed updated by,:... In Paris he painted mainly small-scale rustic interiors and still life painting, ” Dutch of! And spent time in the seventeenth century, they were imported to Dutch! Lifes with vanitas symbols expressed in monochrome, often rare in colder climates, reflected wealth and prosperity of in! Summary ) to earlier Haarlem still-life painters of still-life compositions ’ s home page information from Britannica!, with a Silver Jug and a porcelain bowl, Willem Kalf ( 1619-1693 ): Kalf was leading! Willem Kalf/Still Life/c will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article,! Catalog from the catalog ’ s height of popularity reflectography was performed using Santa!