Control is warranted when bunching, stamping and tail switching is excessive or when the economic threshold of 3 stable flies per leg is met. Since Stable Flies breed in livestock waste, removal of the breeding source is the best method to eliminate them. Numbers tend to decrease when it gets hotter and drier, then another smaller explosion in numbers occurs in early fall with cooler temperatures and moisture. Stable Flies overwinter as larvae or pupae. Cons: Most traps only attract "filth" flies (house and blow flies), so you need to determine the types of flies you're targeting. Products sprayed directly to the infested breeding sites can be utilized. There are many fly control options and strategies available to Nebraska livestock producers to help manage the three fly species that economically impact grazing cattle; the horn fly, face fly and stable fly. Large mammals – cattle, horses, donkeys, dogs, swine, sheep, goats and camels, and zoo animals. "Proper sanitation and management of manure is the best way to eliminate breeding sites and to control houseflies and stable flies," says Williams. Most filth flies can reproduce quickly in warm weather. The most practical and economical method for reducing stable fly populations is the elimination or appropriate management of larval food sources. During periods of high stable fly activity, humans can be severely annoyed and this insect has been called "the biting house fly." Residual Insecticides: An easy way to eliminate existing stable flies is to find their resting area and spot spray with a residual sprays insecticide such as Treating livestock or pets with insecticides and repellents can aid in control, however the impact is often short-lived (hours to days). Equine formulation for safe, effective, feed-through fly control for stable flies and house flies Can be used with all classes of horses Fortified with NRC recommended levels of minerals and vitamins Convenient, 60-lb tubs can be easily placed where needed. Peak activity usually occurs during warm periods following rainfall. The larvae occur in decaying fibrous substrates: straw bedding, wet hay, algal mats and wet grass clippings, accumulations of manure from dairy and beef cattle, mixtures of soil and partially composted bedding and animal manure and crop by products. The adults have a piercing/sucking proboscis that is used to extract a bloodmeal and seven circular black spots on a gray abdomen. Often known as biting Stable flies also have long, bayonet-like mouthparts for sucking blood. The early morning and late afternoon hours are commonly peak feeding times. Not an important vector of animal pathogens. Beth sexes bite and suck bleed. ClariFly ® Larvicide protects from disease-carrying flies that feed on dairy cattle, including house flies, stable flies and horn flies. Dry breeding grounds will encourage beneficial insect and mite development. Stable Flies are sometimes confused with House Fly Predators parasitize Stable Flies and are an effective control tool. Contact Aerosol Sprays: You can use sprays that contain pyrethrin for immediate results, giving a quick knockdown. Stable flies rest on sides of barns and buildings, inside and outside animal stalls and around fences. Fly Control, a Horse Management Necessity. In warm weather, the pupal stage lasts 6 to 20 days. Stable flies represent >90% of flies developing from rotting crop residues of either cauliflower, celery, broccoli, carrots, onions, potatoes and corn. The economic injury level for feeder cattle is when the stable fly population reaches an average of about five flies per front leg. Stable flies overwinter in breeding sites and emerge the following spring as adults. Stable flies are known as filth flies or ankle biters-they lay their eggs in spoiled or fermenting organic matter mixed with manure, soil and moisture so these conditions often occur along feed bunks, edges of feeding aprons, along stacks of hay/straw, poorly managed compost piles, winter hay feeding sites, near water sources, etc. Filth flies, including stable flies, are synanthropic, meaning that they exploit habitats and food sources created by human activities such as f… Some parasitoid wasps can be purchased commercially to enhance the number of wasps present on your property. Houseflies, stable flies and horn flies can spread the bacterium Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, the causative agent of pigeon fever. Management of potential development sites should be completed fo… Stable fly eggs are laid in places such as decaying hay, straw, fermenting weeds, grass, and seaweed. Stable flies usually bite at the ankle level and draw blood quickly from their victims and feed to full capacity in three to four minutes if left undisturbed. Win the Battle Against Stable Flies. Eggs hatch in less than 24 hours to produce larvae. Stable fly control The key to stable fly control is managing its larval habitats, ideally by their removal or drying out so they are less attractive. AgriLife Extension's online Bookstore offers educational information and resources related to our many areas of expertise and programming; from agriculture, horticulture, and natural resources to nutrition, wellness for families and youth, and much more. Predatory mites, beetles, and other fly larvae feast on the developingstable fly larvae. Suggested sprays for stable flies are Stryker 54, CB 80, or PT 565. Stable flies are a developmental vector for Habronema microstoma, a spiruid nematode, which causes gastric and cutaneous forms of habronemiasis in horses throughout the world. Flies. Irritation by the stable fly biting cause cattle to consume less feed, to grow at a slower rate and to convert less feed into body mass. We suggest outdoor fly traps such as the Flies Be Gone Fly Trap, Catchmaster Disposable Fly Trap, or the Advantage Fly Trap. Besides being annoying, their bites also spread parasites and diseases. Many variations of this trap are still being tested with and without pesticides to increase the control measures of stable flies. The stable fly larva requires six to twenty—six days to develop under normal summer breeding conditions. Adult stable flies take one bloodmeal a day from the legs, sides, back and belly of large animals and the legs, head and ears of small animals. Stable flies will feed on blood from practically any warmblooded animal, including humans, pets and livestock. They are only in contact with the host for 2-5 minutes and then rest on surrounding buildings or vegetation. Fly control and flea control products can help reduce the pest population and keep your horse comfortable–in the barn, in the stable, and in the pasture. They require the blood meal for reproduction. Stable flies are not known to transmit disease in humans, but are annoying enough to drive people away from beaches when they are numerous. Stable Flies make up about 20% of the pest fly population around horses typically, but they are not attracted to House Fly traps. We also carry a line of professional fogging materials and foggers. A successful fly control program must rely on timely elimination of breeding sites and moisture control. Suggested Fly Traps: Place fly traps near the stable fly breeding areas. The bite is painful enough to disrupt outdoor activities such as picnics when stable flies are numerous. The Stable Fly is easily distinguished from other common domestic flies by the long, pointed proboscis which extends in front of the head. Both males and females use this proboscis to pierce the skin of a host and suck their blood. Due to the short amount of time spent on the animal (2-5 mins) and the location (legs), no products have a long enough residual to be effective when sprayed directly onto the animal. Unlike the housefly, where the mouth part is adapted for sponging, the stable fly mouth parts have biting structures. Areas along fence rows, under feed bunks, or wherever manure and straw or decaying matter can accumulate should be kept clean, because these substrates provide the medium in which the larval flies develop. This often occurs when they are picked up by weather fronts and carried aloft for several hundred miles. 2 At higher infestations, cattle demonstrated even greater reduction in average daily gains. Click the image for helpful information regarding Zika Virus. 20 days. Many of the larvicides on the market are known as IGR, insect growth regulators, and were developed specifically for horn flies and other filth flies developing in the manure, these do not affect stable fly larvae due to the fact that stable fly larvae do not grow in manure. Insect repellent does not work on stable flies. A single house fly can carry over one million bacteria. The bites Pyrethrins are non-residual and only last for a short time. LambdaStar UltraCap 9.7 or The effects are greater when the weather is hot and humid; the bunching interferes with the animals’ ability to dissipate excess heat. You need a Stable Fly Trap to get them and … Stable flies prefer to feed outside and are rarely found feeding or resting indoors. Furthermore, due to the dispersal capability of stable flies, larval development sites on your property may be causing problems for other animals that may be miles away or in residential areas where the flies feed on humans and pets. The bunching behavior exhibited by dairy cattle will lead to increased body temperatures lower milk production. Losses in feedlots will likely occur when the average number of stable flies per leg is 3 or more. I… There are two types of traps - those that attract flies visually (best for biting stable flies) and those that attract flies by odor (best for house flies). Use good flywear, such as Farnam's SuperMask ® II Horse Fly Mask, to help protect your horse's face, eyes and ears. Trap options are limited for stable fly adults. The larvae feed and grow beneath the surface of the breeding material. Sprays are usually the best option for stable fly control, and require weekly applications to manage populations. These organisms kill the eggs, larvae and pupae of the stable flies providing assistance to the cause. Larvicides provide control against developing larvae. Just ONE rotting barrel hay ring can produce 1 million biting stable flies. The stable fly adult is similar to the house fly in size and color. Protecting Your Horse From Strangles: Using Fly Control as Part of Your Strategy. Even though, the female requires a blood meal to lay eggs, both male and female feed on blood. Stable fly populations as low as 5 stable flies per foreleg can cause economic losses in a feedlot situation. How to Control: As with the majority of flies the first step is sanitation. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. Do not place fly traps near places where people congregate to avoid bites. Stable flies are usually found in open sunny areas, although they may enter a house during bad weather. Facilities housing animals should be designed for easy removal of manure and cleaning of stalls frequently. Filth flies include some of our most common fly pests — house flies, fruit flies, green bottle flies, stable flies, and several others. Your Horse's Natural Fly-Control Strategies. The main consideration in stable fly control is sanitation, which can effect up to 90% control. Both the male and female stable flies take a bloodmeal. The other major concern you have is the risk of infestation from the stable flies that are buzzing around your animals and stables. This trap is one of the only effective ways to collect stable flies when the sticky sleeve film is place around it. Stable flies are commonly found near stables, but also along the seashore and near dog kennels. Mist blower sprayers can be used for this purpose; however, initial costs may be high. Stable flies become a major problem in early spring. Stable Flies can move great distances. Infection most commonly leads to external abscesses, though some horses develop more serious forms including internal abscesses and ulcerative lymphangitis (infection of … Use a feed-thru fly control product prior to the onset of the season to inhibit the development of adult houseflies and stable flies in the manure of treated horses. Remove other breeding areas like wet straw and mulch and all rotting organic matter. Three general approaches to reduce problems include: 1)    Prevent breeding by making manure unavailable or to dry or wet for the larvae to survive or kill the larvae before they become adults, 2)    Kill adults before they cause harm or start to produce eggs, 3)    Exclude adults entrance by using screens or other barriers. Houseflies are usually the biggest problem for horse owners; if you have stable flies, you'll need a different type of trap. Waste should be disposed of properly by either burial, spreading in a thin layer (less than 3 cm) on open fields, submersion in water, or aerobic composting. Adult stable flies are typically 5mm to 7mm in length and unlike the house fly, which has an unpatterned abdomen, stable fly abdomens have seven circular spots. Preparation for TDA Pesticide Applicator License Training, College of Veterinary Medicine (cooperative with AgriLife Extension & Research), Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory. The economic impact of the stable fly is very significant. STABLE FLY AEROSOL SPRAY ^ As a space spray, apply PT-565 daily as is needed. Since they target legs and ankles, loose-fitting long pants and thick socks are recommended when stable … Consequently, stable flies also have an economic impact on the Florida’s tourism industry. “Researchers believe that the stable fly is programmed to target the places of an animal where the skin is soft and the capillaries are close to the surface. may feel like a needle stab and typically occur around the ankles and lower parts of the legs. Stable flies like to feed on the lower parts of the hosts such as the legs and belly of horses and cattle. Animals that are being attacked will stamp and kick their legs, as well as bunch together. The control of stable flies is an ongoing project for any livestock, horse or pet owner. Whether talking to the Tufts School of Veterinary Medicine or a Texas ranch, horse owners agree that fly control involves a combination of assaults, and the more we learn about our resilient little foes, the better armed we are to win the war. In the absence of these animal hosts, they will bite people and dogs. These Stable flies have a negative impact on beef production costs by affecting the required amount of time and feed needed to reach slaughter weight. Cyper WSP. Control nuisance flies that cause discomfort on your dairy farm. They bite people, livestock, pets and other mammals. It is important to remember that flies cannot develop in dry materials. larvae pass through 3 instars and pupate in the last larval skin. About 60 - 120 eggs are laid at a time with some flies surviving to lay two or more batches of eggs. Fortunately, there are several products available which do a great job. A trap referred to as the Olson biting fly trap has a unique design that consists of a special fiberglass panel wrapped in a cylinder and attached to a stake 3-4 feet high. Stable fly, (Stomoxys calcitrans), a species of vicious bloodsucking fly in the family Muscidae (sometimes placed in the family Stomoxyidae) in the fly order, Diptera. Adults are generally about 6–8 mm ( ⁄4– ⁄16 inch) in length and a lighter color than the housefly. Remove other breeding areas like wet straw and mulch and all rotting organic matter. Un-infested areas thus can become heavily infested almost overnight. Cattle, horses, and people are typically bitten on the legs while dogs and swine are bitten on the ears. Because stable flies mainly congregate around animals’ legs, it can be difficult to get adequate control with insecticides. Adding this feed-through as part of an IPM program can have a major impact on dairy cattle productivity. The stable fly resembles the common housefly (Musca domestica), though smaller, and on closer examination has a slightly wider and spotted abdomen. Beneficial organisms such as predators, parasites and natural competitors occur naturally in similar breeding locations of the stable fly larvae. House flies and stable flies need breeding material, moisture, and warmth to develop. Individual flies may feed more than The maggots from these flies use rotting organic matter to develop and the items in your barn or stable – straw, horse feed, hay, water, and urine – can provide the perfect environment for this. to control house and stable flies. Parasitic wasps, referred to as parasitoids, are particularly effective against horn flies and house flies but have shown poor results with stable flies thus far. Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), the stable fly (Figure 1), is a filth fly of worldwide medical and veterinary importance. Flies and biting insects can ruin your horse's day. It is also difficult to control stable flies by spraying building and vegetation, residual is low and without direct contact mortality is low. The eggs hatch after 1 to 3 days into yellowish-white maggots/larvae. Fly Traps and Tapes To catch adult flies outside of your barn, consider using fly traps that lure flies into them. Stable flies are painful biting filth flies that resemble the house fly in appearance but just a tad bit smaller in size (5-7 mm long). There are many insecticide control methods available to manage horn fly numbers; backrubbers, dust bags, insecticidal ear tags and strips, pour-ons, oral larvicides, low pressure sprayers, mist blower sprayers, and the Vet Gun. Creating Apple Cider Vinegar and Witch Hazel fly Repellent: This is a natural outdoor fly repellent … Adulticides are very minimal and typically ineffective against stable flies. The Bite Free Stable Fly Trap is a trap that almost every horse owner should have, but most don’t. Remove soiled bedding, old hay, spilt feed, clean up feed areas, and manure from drover’s allies at least once a week to limit and control stable fly habitat. Stable flies are obligate blood feeders, and primarily attack cattle and horses for a blood meal. One alternative is to combine the removal or management of fly-breeding material with the use of traps and parasitic wasps to kill both the adult and immature flies. Stable flies also known as "biting flies" can deliver a painful bite. The eggs and larvae are found in wet, decomposing straw found around round hay bales. Contact  |  Customer Service | USDA Extension Locations 1 In a compilation of studies, the five fly population groups showed a reduction in feed efficiency that resulted in an average loss of $8.51 per animal per season. Both houseflies and stable flies thrive in places where livestock manure and urine are present along with decaying organic matter such as spoiled feed and soiled straw. © 2020 Do It Yourself Pest Control. Control is warranted when bunching, stamping and tail switching is excessive or when the economic threshold of 3 stable flies per leg is met. 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